The closest to Venice between the islands of the Northern lagoon, is made up of seven small islands linked by bridges and has about 4,500 inhabitants. The island was named for the first time only in 840, when the Pactum Lotharii remembers even Amorianas. The documents of the 11th and 12th centuries describe it as a transit location for migratory flow from Torcello and Equilio and headed toward the nascent Venice
The city has always been placed in the maritime, Venice had a degree of autonomy until 1171, when it was combined with the sestiere di Santa Croce. From 1275 was ruled by a podest� . had the privilege of being able to give the law, guaranteed by a great Council comprised a number of nobles of Murano (about 500) and chaired by a Mayor, and to Mint its own currency (the Osella).
Soon became very important for working with art, thanks to a decree of the Serenissima Republic of the 1295 which decreed the transfer of furnaces from Venice: more than once, in fact, they had provoked serious fires, aggravated by the fact that the buildings in Venice were mostly made of wood.
The autonomy of the island as was confirmed under Napoleon, but it demolished many convents and churches (today if there are only three), and under the Austrians. The institution, which also included le Vignole, Sant’Erasmo and was suppressed in 1923 and the integrated territory to that of Venice.
Concentrates on Murano glassworks served the Serenissima, jealous of an art that was made famous worldwide from the beginning, to better control the activity. The glassworkers were forced to live on the island and they couldn’t leave Venice without a special permit. Many however managed to escape abroad, exporting their famous techniques. The most important crisis that struck the industry was that of the 15th century, when they began the manufacture of Bohemian crystal, perhaps inspired by Murano glass themselves.
Only the glassworkers, among the nobles could not marry the daughters of patricians. In fact, Republic issued a decree, in response to riots that took place in the great Council of Murano, Murano citizens claiming only those who were born on the island or had bought properties in itself. In 1602, the podest� Barbarigo in counting the Islanders resorted to compiling a book of gold. The process for obtaining membership was neither simple nor brief and in fact took place only with the consent of the Republic. Who was not registered could not perform any type of work in glass, did not participate and not seeking the advice of all the other privileges granted to the citizens of Murano.
The master glassmaker is assisted by two aides called serving and serventino. They support the long metal rod on which the maestro blows glass to give the desired shape, but not only, the server and the serventino handle to turn the glass with the tools at their disposal, among which are essential the spatula and a pair of pliers called borsella.